بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Before the reader is a translation of “قيام رمضان (The Night Prayer of Ramaḍān)” by the Muḥaddith of our era, Muḥammad Nāṣirud-Dīn bin Nūḥ al-Albānī raḥimahullāh. It is replete with benefits from the Qurʾān, the Sunnah of the Prophet ṣalla llāhuʿalayhi wasallam and the Ṣaḥābiyyūn (Companion) radiyAllāhu ʿanhum. Few of the fawāʾid (benefits) amongst many others that can be found in this exhortation are listed below:
- The faḍīlah (virtue) of praying Qiyām al-Layl in congregation during Ramaḍān
The increase of the Prophet ṣalla llāhuʿalayhi wasallam’s ʿibādah during the odd nights from the 23rd night onwards until the 27th night.
Prayer for the entire night is recorded for the one who prays with the imām until he finishes.
Recommendation for the women to attend the night prayer in congregation
The authentic report of ʿĀʾishah radiyAllāhu ‘anhā recorded in the Ṣaḥīḥayn and others that the Prophet ṣalla llāhuʿalayhi wasallam never exceeded 11 or 13 Rakʿāt in the night prayers in and out of Ramaḍān.
The report of praying 20 Rakʿāt during ‘Umar radiyAllāhu ‘anhu being shādh (relayed by a reliable (thiqqah) narrator but contradicted by another Ḥadīth that’s more reliable) and this practice not being established upon any of the noble companions. On the contrary, the authentic report states that ‘Umar radiyAllāhu ‘anhu ordered 11 Rakʿāt.
The one praying alone may prolong the prayer as long as he wishes while the one who leads needs to be light.
Prolonging is more virtuous (without exaggeration) while reserving the longer ʿibādah for the special nights.
Praying in the last part of the night is better
The preference of the salaf in praying tarāwīḥ immediately after ‘ishā and not delaying to the last part of the night
There are various manners that have been reported to pray the night prayer, the most preferred of which is that of 11 Rakʿāt with taslīm after every 2 and ending with a Rakʿāh of witr
Permissibility of praying any number of Rakʿāt, according to what has been reported on the Prophet ṣalla llāhuʿalayhi wasallam and the manner in which he did them. The least permissible is 1 rak’ah of witr upto a maximum of 11 or 13 reported from the Prophet ṣalla llāhuʿalayhi wasallam. There is no prohibition on praying 20 or increasing beyond this number.
Duʿā in the last part of witr (before or after salām):
اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِرِضَاكَ مِنْ سَخَطِكَ
O Allāh, I seek refuge from Your Discontentment in Your Contentment
وَبِمُعَافَاتِكَ مِنْ عُقُوبَتِكَ
And from Your Punishment in Your Forgiveness
وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْكَ
And I seek refuge in You from You
لَا أُحْصِي ثَنَاءً عَلَيْكَ
None can count the praises made to You
أَنْتَ كَمَا أَثْنَيْتَ عَلَى نَفْسِكَ
You are just as you have praised Yourself
Saying the following after the salām in witr, prolonging and raising the voice towards the 3rd time.
سبحان الملك القدوس ، سبحان الملك القدوس ، سبحان الملك القدوس
- The sunnah of praying 2 Rakʿāt after witr with Sūrah az-Zilzāl and al-Kāfirūn
- The Prophet iʿtikāf during the last 10 days of Ramaḍān.
- Permissibility of iʿtikāf for one night.
Original risālah (treatise): https://drive.google.com/open?id=0B4re9UeCHGCUbkhSdWM0Z2JucFk