The Conditions, Pillars and Requirements of the Ṣalāh | Shaykh Muḥammad bin ʿAbdul Wahhāb

The Nine Conditions of the Prayer

A condition is that which must be present before the prayer is performed in order for it to be acceptable.

  1. One must be Muslim
  2. He must be sane and conscious
  3. He must be of the age of maturity
  4. He must have Wuḍūʾ (ablution) and have taken Ghusl if necessary
  5. There must be no impurities on his body, clothes or place of prayer
  6. He must cover his ‘Awrah.
  7. It must be the right time for the prayer he is performing
  8. His entire body must be facing the Qiblah.
  9. He must have the intention for the prayer in his heart.

The Fourteen Pillars of the Prayer

A pillar is that which must be performed during the prayer, and if left out, whether intentionally or unintentionally, makes the prayer invalid.

  1. Standing, if one has the ability to do so
  2. The opening Takbīr
  3. Reciting Sūrah Al-Fātiḥah in every Rak‘ah
  4. Bowing
  5. Rising from Bowing
  6. Prostrating on all seven limbs
  7. Erecting oneself from it
  8. Sitting between the two prostrations
  9. Remaining tranquil (i.e. not rushing during all of these pillars)
  10. Maintaining the same sequence
  11. The final Tashahhud
  12. Sitting during the Tashahhud
  13. Sending Ṣalāt on the Prophet
  14. The (final) two Taslīms

The Eight Requirements of the Prayer

A requirement is that which must be performed in prayer. If left out intentionally, the prayer is invalid. If left out unintentionally, out of forgetfulness, one must make the two prostrations of forgetfulness (Sujūd as-Sahūw) at the end of the prayer.

  1. All the Takbīrs except the opening one
  2. Saying “Subḥāna Rabby al-‘Adhīm” when bowing
  3. Saying “Samiʿa Allāhu liman ḥamidahu” – This applies to the one leading the prayer and the one praying alone
  4. Saying “Rabbanā wa lakal-ḥamd” – this applies to everyone praying
  5. Saying “Subḥāna Rabby al-Aʿlā” when prostrating
  6. Saying “Rabb ighfir lī” while in between the two prostrations
  7. The first Tashahhud
  8. Sitting during the first Tashahhud.
– Extracted from “The Conditions, Pillars and Requirements of the Prayer” by al-Imām al-Mujaddid Muḥammad bin ʿAbdul Wahhāb an-Najdī at-Tamīmī رحمه الله

شروط الصلاة وأركانها وواجباتها :


شروط الصلاة : وهي تسعة :

➊ الإسلام
➋ والعقل
➌ والتمييز
➍ ورفع الحدث
➎ وإزالة النجاسة
➏ وستر العورة
➐ ودخول الوقت
➑ وإستقبال القبلة
➒ والنية

أركان الصلاة : وهي أربعة عشر :

➊ القيام مع القدرة
➋ وتكبيرة الإحرام
➌ وقراءة الفاتحة
➍ والركوع
➎ والإعتدال بعد الركوع
➏ والسجود على الأعضاء السبعة
➐ والرفع منه
➑ والجلسة بين السجدتين
➒ والطمأنينة في جميع الأفعال
➓ والترتيب بين الأركان
⓫ والتشهد الأخير
⓬ والجلوس له
⓭ والصلاة على النبي ﷺ
⓮ والتسليمتان 

واجبات الصلاة : وهي ثمانيه :

➊ جميع التكبيرات غير تكبيرة الأحرام
➋ وقول : سمع الله لمن حمده للإمام والمنفرد
➌ وقول : ربنا ولك الحمد للكل
➍ وقول : سبحان ربي العظيم في الركوع
➎ وقول : سبحان ربي الأعلى  في السجود
➏ وقول : ربي أغفر لي ، بين السجدتين
➐ والتشهد الأول
➑ والجلوس له